PYTHAGOREAN THEOREM Pythagoras-Triplet.jpg (177938 bytes)
These three units demonstrate and act as a visual proof of the Pythagorean Theorem. Click on the top thumbnail to see all three in stereo, then click on each below to see it enlarged. The clear model on left shows the classical example with squares. The Pythagorean Theorem states that the sum of the squares of the two short sides of a right-angle triangle equal to the square of the hypotenuse. This is true not only for squares, but also for any similar shapes constructed on each of the three sides of the triangle: semi-circles in the middle and hexagons in the right-hand photo.
Pythagorean-Squares-Baton-R.jpg (87089 bytes) Pythagorean-Semicircle-Bato.jpg (89686 bytes) Pythagorean-Hexagon-Baton-R.jpg (89765 bytes)
The models contain color liquid which flows between the shapes. The two small shapes are always the same area (or volume as in the cases above) as the large shape.
Probability-Machine.jpg (363089 bytes) PROBABILITY CURVE MACHINE - This large 10-foot machine drops hundreds of small red balls through a grid of pins. As the balls trickle down through the pins, they arrange themselves in a typical shape as a natural result of the statistical probability of the balls' distribution. While we can't say with certainty where a single ball will end up, we can predict with great accuracy the probability of many balls to behave in a certain way and to  distribute themselves following the famous bell-curve shape.
MÖBIUS STRIP - This shape has only one side. When the little car travels around it, and completes what would otherwise be one complete revolution, it finds itself on the "back" of where it came from. As it continues to travel, it arrives at the spot where it started but travels twice the distance compared to traveling either on the inside or outside of a cylinder. Make a Möbius strip from a strip of paper twisted once before its ends are attached. Then cut along the center of the strip and - surprise! You get not two, but one longer Möbius strip. Now instead of cutting along the center line, cut about a third down the way. You are in for an even bigger surprise! Moebious-Band.jpg (305965 bytes)
Hyperbolic-Parabaloid-Pakis.jpg (344844 bytes) HYPERBOLIC PARABOLOID - This shape is formed from straight lines. The solid brass rods which hang vertically initially, are given a partial turn to form this curved 3-dimensional shape.
Hyperbolic-Parabaloid-Cylin.jpg (136609 bytes) CYLINDER - The above shape is derived initially from the cylinder to the left. A partial turn of the base with a knob, creates the hyperbolic paraboloid.
Helix-OMSI.jpg (134098 bytes) PLANE TO HELIX - In this, slightly different version of the above, giving a quarter turn to the base, converts a "flat plane" made up of straight lines, into a segment of a helix.
ANAMORPHIC IMAGES - We have all seen anamorphic images although we don't associate them as such. Any distorted image is in effect anamorphic but some have been distorted in a special way. On the picture at right, a  cylindrical mirror reflects a distorted image around it. When one looks at the reflected image in the cylinder, the unrecognizable drawing takes the shape of a recognizable face. An everyday example is the elongated road signs at intersections. When viewed from a very shallow angle, as when sitting at a car wheel, one can read the message without noticing the distortion. Many famous painters have used this technique a few hundred years ago. Anamorphic-Images-NJ-1-L.jpg (242113 bytes)
Anamorphic-Images-Triplet.jpg (317132 bytes) See a stereo photo of the anamorphic display above.
MAP PROJECTIONS - In the center of the clear globe is a bright spot light which illuminates the globe evenly from the center and casts a shadow of the painted countries on the frosted surface around the globe. This is part of a series of exhibits on Geography for the Hong Kong Science Centre. Created at Levy Design in Portland, Oregon USA. Map-Projections-HK.jpg (394013 bytes)
All exhibits above where created in several replicas for different museums around the world by Levy Design, in Portland, Oregon USA.

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